The Indian Institutes of Technology (IITs) are autonomous public institutes of higher education ,situated in India. The IITs are governed by the Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 which has declared them as institutes of national importance . The Union HRD Minister is the ex-officio Chairperson of IIT Council . The Institutes of Technology Act, 1961 has listed 23 IITs in India which are as follows:
The admission in the IITs for undergraduate courses are through joint entrance examination (Mains+Advance) which is a two step process. The post graduate courses in IITs include M.Tech, MS in engineering , M.Sc in Maths, Physics and Chemistry, MBA, PhD etc. M.Tech and MS admissions are done on the basis of Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) while admissions in M.Sc is done through Common Admission Test (CAT), Joint Admission Test for Masters (JAM) and Common Entrance Examination for Design (CEED).
The idea of IIT came in 1946 when Sir Jogendra Singh of the Viceroy's Executive Council set up a committee whose task was to consider the creation of Higher Technical Institutions in India. The 22-member committee, headed by Nalini Ranjan Sarkar, recommended the establishment of these institutions in various parts of India.
The first Indian Institute of Technology was founded in May 1950 at the site of the Hijli Detention Camp in Kharagpur. The first Indian Institute of Technology was established in 1951. On 15 September 1956, the Parliament of India passed the Indian Institute of Technology (Kharagpur) Act, declaring it as an Institute of National Importance. After this the other 22 IITs were formed including the Indian School of Mines at Dhanbad a premier institute in the world which was conferred IIT status in 2016.
Talking about educational ranking of IITs , Outlook India's Top Engineering Colleges of 2015 ranked seven IITs in its top 10, including the top six positions. Worldwide however, the highest ranked IIT (IIT Dehli) is ranked at 179 in the QS World University Rankings of 2015, below India's highest ranking institute IISc Bangalore (at 147), while only 4 other IITs (IIT Bombay at 202, IIT Madras at 254, IIT Kanpur at 271 and IIT Kharagpur at 286) make the top 300. The Times Asia Rankings featured IIT Roorkee, IIT Bombay, IIT Delhi, IIT Kharagpur, and IIT Madras at 55th, 57th, 65th, 69th and 78th respectively.
|Type :||Autonomous College|
|Founding Year :||1926|
|Area Covered :||393 Acres|
|Affiliation : Indian Institute of Technology|
|Email :||[email protected]|
|IIT (ISM), Dhanbad Website||Dhanbad , Jharkhand|