India has taken a firm step towards building 20 world-class educational institutions, which will be termed Institutions of Eminence, with the human resource development ministry moving the proposal to the Union Cabinet for approval. Many experts are terming this as move of Central government as firming up plan to create India's own Harvard.
What will make Institute ‘Eminent’?
The UGC (Institutions of Eminence Deemed to be Universities) regulations, 2017 will govern all such institutions that are conferred with this status, ensuring their complete academic, administrative and financial autonomy.
- The institutions will have to achieve a place in the top 500 of any of the global rankings within 10 years of being declared an institution of eminence and eventually reach the top 100 slot.
- They will have a teacher:student ratio of 1:20 to begin with and 1:10 in five years, with a student enrolment of 15,000 in 15 years.
- There will be a good mix of Indian and international faculty, and only those who come with a degree from top 500 institutions in global rankings will be considered eligible foreign faculty.
- The institutions will be free to select students through a merit-based transparent admission process to ensure no meritorious student is turned away for lack of funds.
- The institution will be free to decide its fee structure but will have to declare it in a transparent manner.
- One paper will have to be published per faculty member per year on average in a reputed peer reviewed international journa
- Along-term lead campus (30 years minimum) with adequate space for expansion.
- While private institutions will not get any government funding they will be able to access government funds for specific studies and projects they may execute.
- Full freedom to the institution to decide course structure, the credit hours needed for a degree, fixing of curriculum and syllabus and up to 20% online courses as part of its programmes and fully online certificate courses.
- Full freedom to hire faculty, even industry personnel as faculty and choose any career progression scheme, salary structure for its faculty.
- None of its academic collaborations will need government approval unless they are with countries on the foreign ministry’s or home ministry’s ‘negative list’.
WHO IS ELIGIBLE?
- Ten government run and ten private institutions will be conferred this status, with Rs 10,000 crore funding earmarked for the former.
- While a government-owned institution will apply to HRD ministry for the special status, a private deemed to be university or private state university.
- Will have to be backed by a sponsoring organisation with a total net worth of Rs 5,000 crore and credible members, an identified first chancellor and vice chancellor, and a detailed 15-year vision plan besides a five-year rolling implementation plan.
- The governance structure of the institution and its sponsoring organisation will be different.
WHO WILL SELECT ?
- An empowered expert committee with three to five eminent persons appointed for three years with the final approval of the appointments committee of the Cabinet headed by the PM will select the 20 institutes.
- The EEC will recommend the names to the UGC, which will forward its decision to the HRD ministry that will issue a letter of intent to such institutions and decide on the final conferment of the status after a memorandum of understanding.
- EEC will monitor and review the institutions of eminence to ensure quality, decide on appeals, changes in transfer of sponsorship and liquidation of corpus fund if necessitated among other things.
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