First in Science and Technology

  1. First Hydroelectric Plant: On the Ganganachukki waterfall of the Sivasamudram Falls, Karnataka, built in 1902
  2. First City to have electricity: Banglore, in 1906 (it was in fact, the first city to have electricity)
  3. First Man in Space: Rakesh Sharma aboard Salyut 7, on April 03, 1984. He was the 138th man in space worldwide.
  4. First Women in Space: Kalpana Chawla aboard Space Shuttle Columbia flight STS-87, on November 19,1997
    (She was a naturalized United States citizen, and represented the US during the event.)
  5. First Test-tube baby: Durga Agarwal, born 1978
  6. First Scientific Expedition to Antarctica: 1981
  7. First Nuclear Reactor: Tarapur, Maharashtra
  8. First Genetically Modified Food Product in India: Bt. Egg Plant Hybrid
  9. First Satellite: Aryabhatta, launched on April 19, 1975
  10. First Satellite dedicated exclusively for educational services: EDUSET
  11. First Successfully Indigenous Launch Vehicle: SLV-3
  12. The first person in the world to land on the moon: Neil A. Armstrong and Edwin E Aldrin Jr of USA (Armstrong was the first to set foot on the moon followed by Aldrin) - July 21, 1969
  13. First man to enter space (or the world's first cosmonaut): Yuri Gagarin (Russian)
  14. The first returnable space shuttle: Colombia
  15. The first disabled satellite repaired in space: Solar Max
  16. The first unmanned moon-buggy to explore surface of the moon: Lunokhod-I (Russia)
  17. The first unmanned spaceship to have soft-landed and lifted off from the moon to return to earth: Luna - 16 (Russia) (Sept. 21, 1970)
  18. The first manned space vehicle to land on the moon: Lunar Exploration Module (LEM) nicknamed "Eagle"
  19. The first country to send men to the moon: USA
  20. The first to launch earth satellite or "artificial baby moon": Russia
  21. The first woman cosmonaut of the world: Valentina Tereshkova (Russian)
  22. The first person to float in space: Alexei Leonov (Russian)
  23. The first American astronaut (and second person in the world) to float in space: Edward White
  24. The first country to launch a cosmic space rocket towards moon: USSR
  25. The first space rocket to hit the moon: Lunik-II
  26. The first spaceship in the world to sample moon's crust: Surveyor-3 (USA)
  27. The first space vehicle to soft-land on Moon: Luna-9 (Russia)
  28. The first space vehicle to orbit the moon: Luna-10 (Russia)
  29. The first spacecraft to leave solar system: Pioneer II
  30. The first American manned spaceship to perform crew transfer in space: Apollo-9 (USA)
  31. The first manned spaceship to perform space flight around the moon: Apollo-8 (USA)

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